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All You Need To Know About Terrazzo Flooring
Today Terrazzo flooring is increasingly gaining popularity because of several good reasons. But before we delve deeper into these, first let’s learn about what terrazzo actually is.
What is Terrazzo?
Terrazzo is described as highly versatile surface material that, in the 15th century, was first invented by Venetian mosaic workers.
Traditionally, it’s composed of marble chips that are embedded into some cement base, ground flat then coated with some topical sealer.
Even though terrazzo today may be produced from more materials and can be polished without coatings, the art of installing it still is still the same.
Modern terrazzo is created with either epoxy or Portland cement at its base. It’s then combined with some kind of aggregate which provides it a unique speckled appearance.
Even though marble still is the aggregate option for the majority of applicants, terrazzo also may be produced from recycled metallics and glass, and natural aggregates like mother of pearl. It also may be set into precision cut forms to create medallions, text, logos, or any abstract pattern you can imagine.
Technological advancements have succeeded in providing different methods for finishing terrazzo, without having to utilise sealers and coatings.
Today’s terrazzo is polished mechanically to a high-shine. This is carried out without the need for chemicals. Terrazzo, for this reason, is environmentally friendly. It also needs quite little maintenance.
Terrazzo, reaching the apex of its popularity in mid 20th century, is sometimes linked with a mid-century contemporary design.
However, between the 1970s and 1980s, it lost its popularity. But like the proverbial phoenix rising from the ashes, it has made a fantastic comeback because of high demand for solid surface flooring which not only is easier to maintain but also provides some much healthier environment.
Also, terrazzo is preferred over tiles since it has no crevasses which trap dirt or grout lines to clean. More significantly, it’s a permanent flooring solution which may be tailored to suit any desired look.
Modern designers and architects have rediscovered it due to its versatility and timeless beauty.
Not only does it make impressionable and attractive flooring, but also it may be utilised in the fabrication of bars, counters, vanities and table-tops.
This is an art which may be moulded and made into anything you can imagine by your terrazzo contractor London.
Tips on Installing a Terrazzo Floor
Now that you have a brief idea of what a terrazzo is, perhaps you would like further to know how to install this fantastic flooring. Here we go again.
What You are going to need:
Portland quick-dry cement
Marble chips( and/ or other stone aggregates having sizes plus colors based on the design required)
Some left-over plywood strips
Stone floor grinder
Muriatic/hydrochloric acid-coarse and fine grade grinding stones
Circular saw that’s fitted with masonry blade
Cement mixer or wheelbarrow.
Concrete finishing trowel
Heavy-duty floor roller
When you need to add some combination vitality and glamour to your bland flooring, using terrazzo flooring remains the surest route to go to get that colourful, intricate design, while at the same time being durable and inexpensive.
The process of installing a terrazzo is quite complex, and that’s one of the reasons you need the services of a professional terrazzo contractor in London.
You are going to require an assortment of tools and materials before you even consider pursuing this type of project. The following are steps to follow when installing a terrazzo
Step One – Preparing Concrete the Slab
Prepare the concrete slab through putting or putting some grooves onto its base utilising the circular saw having a masonry blade.
Every blade ought to have a depth of one inch together with a thickness of 3/8 of an inch or 0.375. It should be spaced out, at least three feet from each other diagonally.
The grooves purpose, which are also known as joints, basically is to protect the final or eventual surface of your floor from any fissures that might emerge with the terrazzo.
Step Two – Attaching the Metal Dividers
You should sweep the floor. You then drench it with clean water employing the pressure washer.
Then using a mixture of water and hydrochloric acid, add three tablespoons to one gallon of water proportion.
Thoroughly scrub the floor, then again wash it with water, utilising the pressure washer.
Now, attach carefully metal divider strips onto a network the control joints that you made, then affix the leftover plywood strips around the floor’s edges to prevent your terrazzo from pouring out of its intended section.
Step Three – Terrazzo Mixture
To make the ideal terrazzo mixture using marble chips and Portland quick-dry cement, the correct quantity needed is 94 pounds of cement (which is usually one bag), per 200-220 pounds marble chips.
You mix them using a cement mixer or wheelbarrow, depending on the mixture’s quantity, and in the process adding the right amount of water as indicated by the cement manufacturer’s instruction.
Step Four – Terrazzo Application
With the amount of mixture of one wheelbarrow, you should accordingly apply it to your floor, and spread it once using floor roller.
To ensure the marble chips are bonded evenly and firmly to the floor, you should correspondingly press them with a trowel.
Then liberally apply a further amount of marble chips so that there is going to be a bunch of loosely scattered marble chips.
Then utilise the floor roller again to pack together the terrazzo mix, and expel the air bubbles which may have formed during the application process.
Step Five – Diamond Polishing
After allowing your terrazzo mixture to cure for two days, employ the floor stone grinder to polish off the terrazzo floor.
Begin by using first the coarsest or the roughest grade of grinding stones, then work gradually your way up to a fine grade of stones, ensuring you pass each and every part or section of the floor.
Your floor is sufficiently polished if the divider strips plus marble shows a noticeable shine. You then employ the pressure washer again to wash away all dust arising from polishing.
Step Six – Remedy for Air Bubbles
Often, there still could be some air bubbles that are left over. This causes some small pinpricks to emerge on the surface of your floor.
But you may remedy this by applying cement mixture in a generous amount, or slurry, make up of your quick-dry Portland cement plus water onto the entire floor.
Ensure that it’s thinly spread to cover the tiny holes, then scrape off carefully the extra layers with a trowel.
Step Seven – Finishing Up
You should perform another round of polishing with the floor grinder appropriating the finest grade to finish it off and to provide that flawless sheen to the brand-new terrazzo flooring.
Taking Care of Your Terrazzo: DOs and DON’Ts
DO immediately clean up spills to limit damage to the stone.
DO regularly clean surfaces using materials and products such as Stone and Tile Cleaner, Cleaner and Protector among other products.
Rinse always your floor thoroughly to prevent some build-up of cleaner residue which might become slippery.
DO let your neutral cleaner time to react once applied to terrazzo surface as made to loosen that foreign matter.
Note that several minutes ought to be enough. However, DON’T let the solution dry on the surface.
DO utilize doormats inside and outside together with runners plus area rugs on your terrazzo floor.
DO daily dust mop your floor to not only to pick up the dust but also to pick up the grit trapped in your building.
The latter acts as abrasive on the hard surface floor.
DO seal your terrazzo floors using water-based, acrylic sealer, and finish like Hi-Shine 25.
Usually, a new floor needs 2 or more coats that provide some excellent sheen for some period of between 45 and 60 days, before you require additional coats.
DO use maintenance products which are designed explicitly for terrazzo.
DO NOT wait to clean up the spills on stone
DO NOT use cleaners containing acids, like bath cleaners, grout cleaners, or bathroom cleaners
DO NOT use bleach, ammonia, vinegar or other types of general- purpose cleaners
DO NOT use abrasive cleaners like soft cleansers or dry cleaners.
DO NOT use alkaline cleaners not formulated specifically for stone.
DO NOT use scouring powders as well as abrasives since they’ll scratch the surface.
DO NOT use purely surface waxes, or all-purpose sealers. Using such may result in slippery floor surfaces.
DO NOT use all-purpose cleaners having water-soluble inorganic, or crystallising and harmful acids or alkali. Using such kind of products may prove harmful to your terrazzo floor.
DO NOT use cheap sealers or cleaners because most of the maintenance cost is normally labour.
DO NOT use miracle sealers or cleaners on your floor without getting the informed opinion from your reputable terrazzo contractor in London.
Do NOT use worn vacuum cleaners. The plastic or metal attachments or wheels might scratch the surface.
Benefits of Terrazzo Flooring
Now you have known how to lay the floor and dos and don’t when it comes to taking care of your terrazzo.
Perhaps, you now need why you should lay one in the first place, the benefits you are going to get with this kind of flooring.
Often choosing the ideal floor may prove to be not an easy decision for you.
However, by choosing the ideal floor, you may provide a space with the feel and look it requires for several years to come.
In determining the kind of floor to choose, factors like ease of maintenance and appearance have a more significant influence on your ultimate decision.
From hardwood to terrazzo to carpet, there are different options from which you can choose.
And each floor has its own benefits and limitations. But terrazzo contractor London recommends installing a terrazzo floor.
The following are some of the benefits you are bound to get with this type of flooring.
When you need long-lasting floors, don’t hesitate to go terrazzo since no other type of flooring can match it in terms of durability.
It may surprise you, but from today note that the average lifespan of for terrazzo is, yes, 75 years. What’s more? With proper maintenance, some terrazzo flooring can even last over 100 years!
We have been installing this kind of flooring in hospitals, government centres and hospitals for many years, those areas in which high traffic is quite common.
Terrazzo also has great shock resistance. Some types of floors are going to crack over time.
However, terrazzo floors are quite strong enough and this makes it withstand constant pressure.
And you may even install or lay underlayments over concrete slabs. Note that anti-crack membranes are normally designed to any horizontal kind of movements, and to reduce cracking.
When you’re looking for long-term flooring solution, you’re going to benefit a lot from terrazzo.
While terrazzo may have some high initial cost/ square foot, actually it’s an affordable flooring alternative.
Since it has more exceptional durability compared to other flooring alternatives, you may expect over time fewer replacements.
And with less frequent repairs, it turns out that you are going to save more over time.
There are different factors which are going to affect the cost. They include the size of your project, location plus design options.
All these have an influence on the overall cost of terrazzo flooring. Terrazzo contractors London work with architects to discuss and come up with suitable price meeting the budget of your project.
You should therefore not hesitate to peruse or browse our selection of terrazzo projects at some point.
Terrazzo floors are going to bring great value for all those who need it
Among the key aspects, we focus on is in creating a sustainable environment by installing a terrazzo floor by using a mixture of epoxy resin and recycled aggregates.
Our floors are therefore VOC free. Consequently, this may be beneficial to commercial properties like hospitals where it usually always busy.
Our installation time is extremely quick, and you don’t have to be concerned about particles dispersing into your ventilation system.
Furthermore, these floors are resistant to bacteria. This makes it an efficient way of eliminating harmful germs.
Note that terrazzo flooring is some nice work of art, and you should consider it to replace your existing floors, or installed for your upcoming project.
Terrazzo contractors in London are there to install the kind of floors that will even exceed your expectation.
Contact us today (here) for more information, and make a difference to your floor.